A good warehousing planning solution should have the standard to achieve the fastest and accurate flow of goods in the warehouse at the lowest possible cost. The realization of this goal can only be achieved by integrating the integration of logistics technology, information technology, cost control and the organizational structure of the warehouse.
Principle of System Simplification
It is necessary to standardize packaging and logistics containers according to logistics standardization, and store and transport container units that include bulk cargo, grain, beverages, salt, sugar, feed, and other bulk cargoes and irregular-shaped goods to realize the container unit and transportation vehicles. Load capacity, effective space size coordination, container unit and loading and unloading equipment cooperation, container unit and storage facilities, this will facilitate the coordination and cooperation of various links in the storage system, when transferring to other places, etc. Do not need to change the equipment, improve the versatility, reduce the handling time, reduce the loss and damage of the articles, thereby saving costs, and also simplify the loading and unloading and handling subsystems, reduce system operation and maintenance costs, improve system reliability, and improve storage operations s efficiency.
Principles of Graphic Design
If there are no special requirements, the logistics in the warehousing system should be implemented on the same plane, thereby reducing unnecessary safety protection measures, reducing cranes with low utilization and operating efficiency and large energy consumption, and improving the efficiency of the system.
Separation principle of logistics and information flow
Modern logistics is the logistics supported by the computer network. The combination of logistics and information flow solves the problem of controlling the flow of logistics, improves the accuracy of system operations, and thus improves the efficiency of system operations. If the early separation of logistics and information flow cannot be achieved, it is required to set up corresponding logistics information reading devices at each branch and joint node of the logistics system, which will inevitably cause redundancy and increase the cost of the system; if logistics and information The early separation of the information flow, identifying the required information once, and then transmitting it to each node through the computer network can reduce the cost of the system.
Principle of flexibility
The construction of warehouses and the purchase of storage equipment require a large amount of funds. In order to ensure the efficient operation of the warehousing system, it is necessary to configure highly targeted equipment; and changes in the social logistics environment may change the variety, specifications and scale of warehousing goods. Therefore, when planning, pay attention to the flexibility of machinery and mechanized systems and the possibility of expanding the scale of operations of the warehouse.
Least material handling principle
Regardless of whether it is manual or automatic, each time material processing takes a certain amount of time and expense, through compound operations, or to reduce unnecessary movement, or to introduce equipment that can complete multiple operations at the same time, the number of processing can be reduced.
Principle of the shortest moving distance
The shorter the moving distance, the lower the time and cost required; avoiding the intersection of logistics lines can solve the problem of cross logistics control and material waiting time, and keep the logistics unblocked.
Principle of Cost and Benefit
When constructing warehouses and selecting storage equipment, the principles of investment costs and system benefits must be considered. To meet the needs of the operation, minimize investment.